HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE MUNICIPALITY
It was during the first half of the 18th century, after the conduct of archeological and historical investigations over the racial origin of the Ilongots, now the Bugkalots, tribes that Pinappagan (now Maddela, the mother town of Nagtipunan), a former barrio of Bagabag, Nueva Vizcaya was found to be inhabited by suspicious and head hunting tribe of Bugkalots and the aboriginal nomadic Dumagats. By tribal agreements, the Dumagats occupied the eastern banks of the Cagayan River and the rest of the vast territory by the Bugkalot. This has been the ancestral hunting grounds of the Bugkalots both for wildlife and human needs. The latter is a sign of manhood and as an offering of the groom to his bride prior to wedding rites. The Bugkalots have their own way of writing and reading. They lived in the pockets of villages with organized but simple government.
Bestowed with water bodies teeming with aquatic life, vast virgin forest lands, picturesque sports and other natural resources, the place attracted a group of sturdy daring and adventurous people from the Ilocos Region, Nueva Vizcaya and Isabela who dared the swift currents of the Cagayan river upstream searching for greener pasture. Unlike the Dumagats and Bugkalots, these land seekers are civilized. They possess skills in farming, handicraft, carpentry and other industrial activities. The conflict of culture and interest between the settlers and the Bugkalots complicated the situation. Head hunting and various customs and traditions of the early inhabitants became a deterrent to the economic and social activities of the immigrants.
The ilocano migrants, driven by the force of purpose, determination and persistence amidst hardships, failures and discouragement, succeeded in winning the friendship of the natives in their new-found-land. With the ilocano traits of friendliness, a peace pact was made. Intermarriage among them followed, strengthening their relationship until the conflict of culture and purpose vanished especially when the Christian Missionaries (New Tribes Mission) arrived in the territory in the late 1950’s. Under the Madiboy Tribal Peace Pact of 1967, head hunting had totally stopped and integration among Bugkalots and lowlanders begun.
Owing to the renowned abundance of natural resources in the place; other groups of people namely: Gaddang, Pangasinenses, and Ifugaos immigrated to this land. The last group of settlers were the Tagalogs, Bicolanos, Pampanguenos and other business minded people bringing along with them their trade and industry. Unmindful of the fact that these different immigrants have various ethnic origin with diverse customs, traditions and beliefs, intermarriages among them took place that resulted to a closer and more harmonious relationships among settlers. Unity and active participation towards a common goal was realized. Soon the rich rolling plains became a productive and prosperous abode of the immigrants and the original settlers. Hence, the Ilocano word “Nagtipunan” that means assembly, aptly describes the place where a conglomeration of immigrants with different ethnic origins meet and live in peace and harmony and where social justice prevails.
Nagtipunan also connotes convergence because the place where the municipality is located served as the Convergence Point of several major tributaries of the Cagayan River in the Provinces of Quirino, Aurora and Nueva Vizcaya. With the unwavering support of the masses, the Sangguniang Panlalawigan of Quirino unanimously endorsed the creation of the NAGTIPUNAN, which became a separate and distinct local government unit upon the passage and approval of Batas Pambansa Bilang 345 on February 25, 1983 and after the plebiscite on September 24, 1983 ratifying its creation. The officialdom of Quirino Province favorably endorsed the former District Forester ANDRES C. BLANDO as the First Chief Executive of the municipality together with the other municipal officials on November 14, 1983; HON. ANDRES C. BLANDO served as Mayor until June 30, 1998, broken only on November 1987 during outbreak of the EDSA Revolution when all government chief executives were ousted from office and HON. LOLITA M. LAPITAN was appointed Officer-In-Charge of the Municipality. HON. EDUARD M. SALVADOR was elected Mayor during the May 1998 election, but served only for one term. HON. ROSARIO K. CAMMA and majority of his running mates won the 2001 political exercise and served for 3 consecutive terms. HON. NIEVEROSE C. MENESES, the former Municipal Administrator and daughter of Hon. Camma won the May 2010 mayoralty race, thus presently serving as the Local Chief Executive in the municipality.
NATURAL AND PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
a. Geographical Location:
The municipality of Nagtipunan is geographically located at the southwestern portion of the province of Quirino. It is approximately 50 kilometers south of the provincial capital that is the municipality of Cabarroguis, and about 80 kilometers from Santiago City. It situated between the meridians of 16 degrees 21 minutes and 15 degrees 54 minutes north latitude and between 121 degrees 16 minutes and 121 degrees 51 minutes east longitude. It is bounded on the north and northeast by the municipalities of Cabarroguis and Maddela respectively; on the south and southeast by the province of Aurora; and on the west and northwest by the province of Nueva Vizcaya.
b. Land Area and Political Subdivision:
The law created the municipality of Natipunan provides the lawful jurisdiction and exact land area of the municipality. It is Batas Pambansa bilang 345 duly approved February 25, 1983. As provided by the said law, the land area of the municipality is 160,740 hectares or 1,607.4 square kilometers, it represents 52.58 percent of the total provincial land area. The municipality is further politically subdivided into 29 barangays wherein 13 are contested by the municipality of Kasibu, Nueva Vizcaya and the remaining 16 are those considered to be regular barangays. The contested barangays are as follows;Alimit, Balet, Bioy, Kakedugen, Kapisaan, Didipio, Dine, Kamamasi, Katarawan, Muta, Paquet, Pa-oh, and Sequem. It constitute a land area of 34,810 hectares or 21.66 percent of the municipal land area; while the remaining 16 are: Anak, Asaklat, Dipantan, Disimungal, Gino Giayan, Keat, La Comwap, Landingan, Mataddi, Matmad, Ponggo, San Dionisio II, Sangbay, San Pugo, San Ramos andWasid; it has an area of 125,930 hectares or 78.34 percent of the municipal land area.
The municipality is within a high elevation area in the region, its general elevation ranges from 100 to 2,000 meters above sea level. Hence, its general topographic character is from strongly sloping to mountainous and steep terrain in various directions. As shown above, topography with elevations 100 to 300 meters above sea level is noted at portions of barangays of Sangbay, Dipantan, Disimungal, Anak, Landingan and Wasid; it consist an area of 16,304 hectares or 10.14 percent of the municipal land area. Topography with elevation 300 to 500 meters above sea level is observed in portions of barangays of Matmad, Wasid, Landingan, Ponggo, Dipantan, Anak, Sangbay, Disimungal and northeastern part of Alimit and Didipio; it occupies an area of 29,018 hectares or 18.05 percent of the municipal land area. Topography with elevation 500 to 1,000 meters above sea level is located at major portions of the 13 contested barangays, Mataddi, Gino Giayan, Matmad, Asaklat, Ponggo, San Dionisio II, Wasid, Landingan, San Pugo, southern part of Anak and San Ramos; it covers an area of 92,038 hectares or 57.25 percent of the municipal land area. Topography with elevation from 1,000 to 2,000 meters above sea level occurs at portions of the western side of the municipality, portions at southwestern of Matmad, major portions of Keat, San Pugo as it runs down to the northern part of Asaklat and San Dionisio II, patches at the eastern part of Disimungal, Anak and southern portion of Wasid and Matmad; area occupied is 23,360 hectares or 14.56 percent of the municipal land area.
There are 6 slope categories identified and classified by the Bureau of Soils and Water Management in the municipality. These are slope categories M, N, O, P, Q and R. Slope category M are areas characterize as level to nearly level lands with gradient ranges from 0 to 3 percent; it has an area occupied of 6,226 hectares or 3.87 percent of the municipal land area; it occurs in portions of barangays Ponggo, Disimungal, Anak, Kapisaan, Kakedugen, and Pa-oh. Slope category N are lands identified as gently sloping to undulating areas with gradient ranges from 3 to 8 percent; it is in the southern tip of barangays Matmad and Balet with 562 hectares or 0.35 percent of the municipal land area. Slope category O are lands classified as undulating to rolling terrain with a gradient ranges from 8 to 18 percent; it has an area of 13,296 hectares or 8.23 percent of the municipal land area; it appears in patches at northern part of Kapisaan, central part of Dine, Kakedugen, Matmad, La Conwap, San Pugo, Wasid, Landingan, San Ramos, San Dionisio II, Asaklat, Sangbay and western part of Anak. Slope category P are lands described as rolling to hilly terrain with gradient ranges from 18 to 30 percent; it covers an area of 32,051 hectares or 19.94 percent of the municipal land area; it is observed to all barangays. Slope category Q are lands described as steep hills to mountainous with gradient ranges from 30 to 50 percent; it appears in high portions of all barangays. Slope category R are areas classified as very steep terrain with gradient ranges from 50 percent and above; it occurs to majority of the barangays except Ponggo, Anak, Sangbay, Dipantan and Asaklat with an area occupied of 72,889 hectares or 45.35 percent of the municipal land area.
There are 2 existing type of climate in the municipality identified by Philippines Atmospheric Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). These are type A and C climate classification; type A is characterized as rainy throughout the year with almost 1 month dry; the recorded rainfall precipitation is less than 0.143 millimeters; type C is characterized as rain sufficiently distributed, rainfall precipitation is 0.600 or more but not less than 0.400 millimeters for 4.5 months; this type of climate occurs on the northwestern portion of the municipality, while type A is on the northeastern part; its transition line is within the peak of Namamparang mountain range.
2. Rainfall Precipitation
The recorded average rainfall precipitation for the past 2 years is 169.6 millimeters. The highest monthly rainfall precipitation of 502 millimeters is recorded on July and the least of 2.8 millimeters is recorded on the month of April
The recorded mean temperature for the period of 2 years (1993 to 1994) ranges from 29.19 to 29.27 degrees Celsius. The hottest months occurs from May to August with a maximum temperature of 40 degrees Celsius while the coldest months are from October to January with a maximum temperature off 18 degrees Celsius. This condition of climate in the municipality is maintained and even improved by the strict observance of environmental and forestry laws and policies brought about by peoples awareness and empowerment to manage their own natural resources.
4. Prevailing Wind direction
The prevailing wind direction is from south and northwest to east direction, this direction is attributed by its mountainous to steep terrain and the excellent vegetation of the area.
Nagtipunan is within the path of typhoons. It is partly protected on the east by the Sierra Madre ranges and on the west by Palali and Nanamparang ranges. Typhoon usually occur from July o November. There are no available data on the frequency of typhoon that struck the municipality.
There are eight (8) type of bedrock foundation of the municipality which indentified by the Bereau of Mines and Geoscience (BMGS) of the department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR). These bedrock foundations are: Recent Aluminum (R), Shale/Sandstone/Mudstone sequence (N3), Corraline Limestone (N3LS), Shale/Sandstone/Silstone sequence (N2), Crystaline Limestone (N2LS), Volcanic Agglomerate (VA) Metarock (KPG), and Volcanic rock/undifferentiated Volcanic (VR/UV), These Bedrock are strategically evident throughout the municipality. Recent alluvium (R) bedrock is found along rivers of Cagayan, Sinabbagan, Anak and Ngilinan. Barangays compassing these rivers are Disimungal, Anak, Sangbay, Dipantan, Wasid, San Ramos, Landingan and Ponggo. This bedrock occupy an area of approximately 4,563 hectares or 2.82 percent of the municipal land area. Sequence of Shale/Sandstone/Mudstone (N3) are found at barangays Landingan, San Ramos, Sangbay, Anak, and Dipantan; It has an area occupied of approximately 6,467 hectares or 20.2 percent of the total of land area. Coraline Limestone (N3LS) is indentified at a patch of land at northern part of Belet, and some portion of La Comwap, Gino Giayan and Keat; and strip along Cagayan river at Ponngo. It occupies a total area of 9,137 hectares or 5.68 percent of the total land area. Shale/Sandstone/Silstone (N2) sequence bedrock are found at a small strip at the southwestern part of La Conwap; at Central part of San Pugo, And Keat. This Bedrock occupies an area of approximately 2,720 hectares or 1.69 percent. Crystaline Limestone (N2LS) bedrock is evident at small patch of land at Sangbay, minor patches at San Ramos, Landingan, Wasid, and Matmad. Major patches of areas at Dipantan, Asaklat, San Dionisio II, Ponggo, Keat, Kakedugen, and Katarawan; it has an area an approximately 33,292 hectares. Volcanic Agglomerate (VA) bedrock is found at central and southern parts of madmad and patches of land at Keat. It occupies an area of approximately 14,863 hectares. Metarock (KPG) bedrock are indentified at southern tip of La Conwap, Northwestern part of mataddi, Pa –oh, whole area of Muta and Saguem; and northern part of Belet. It has an area occupied of 9,237 hectares. Volcanic Rock/undifferentiated volcanic(VR/UV) bedrock are found at north central part of the Municipality form part of Asaklan, Alimit, Didipio, Katarawan and Kakidugen; Northern part of San Pugo; south and southeastern part of Wasid, Matmad, and Landingan.; eastern part of Anak and Disimungal. It has an area occupied of approximately 80,461 hectares or 50.07 percent of the Municipal land area. There is an absence of fault lines in the entire bedrock foundation of the municipality; its absence manifest stability of bedrock. Hence, high intensity industries can be accommodated safety.
Soils of the municipality is composed of 5 series; these are Mountain soil undifferentiated (45),Rugao series(400), Luisiana series(40), San Manual (82), and Quingua series (05). Mountain soils undifferentiated (45) are soil of mountainous to steep terrain which are forested with some patches and open glass land, these areas are not yet reached by technical soils personnel for classification. Undifferentiated mountains soils of the municipality are with approximate area of 139,667 hectares or 86 percent of the total land area. These soils occurs majority of the barangays except for barangays of Dipantan, San Dionisio II, Sangbay and Ponggo. Rugao series (400) are soil texturally classified as clay, slightly friable when moist, becomes hard when dry; concretion and fine graves are present on the surface; depth of surface soils range from 20 to 30 centimeters its structures is fine granular; sub- soil is clay loam, fairly deep has columnar structure, hard and bright when dry, becomes soft when wet; both surface and sub –soil has high water holding capacity which is about 55 percent. The soil series is developed from shale and sandstone; it has good external and internal drainage. This soil occupies an area of approximately 13,840 hectares or 8.61 percent of the municipal land area, it occurs in portion of barangay Landingan, Wasid, San Dionisio II, Asaklat, Dipantan, Sangbay, Anak, Disimungal and San Ramos. Luisiana series (140) are soils similar to antipolo, alaminos and guimbalaon series that resembles to upland with rolling and hilly relief, it develop from basaltic rock materials, it is dark red soil of deep profile, there is an absence of boulders in the surface of underneath, decomposition had weathering of parent rocks are very deep, the absence of coarse skeleton in the soil profile is noticeable. This soil covers an area of approximately 2,717 hectares or 1.69 percent. It is evident at portions of barangay Sangbay, Anak, Dipantan, Ponggo, and San Dionisio II along the Cagayan River. San Manuel series (82) are alluvial soils considered as one of the best soil for general agriculture. It is suited for corn, tobacco and vegetable, fertile, level and well drained. No coursed skeleton found within the profile. It is comparatively light is color and coarser in texture than quingua though similarly appear in some relief. It is found in a small patch of land at barangays Matmad. It has an area covered of approximately 305 hectares or 0.19 percent. Quingua series (05) are soil within level to nearly level relief. It has a fair to good drainage pattern. This soil originated from recent alluvial deposits. It occupies an area of approximately 4,211 hectares or 2.62 percent. It is evident at portion of barangays Anak, Sangbay, Landingan, and Wasid, and to patches of land at central [art of barangays Matmad.
Table 01. Historical Growth of Population 1990 to 2007
|Year||Population||Increase/Decrease||Growth Rate (%)|
Source: NSO 1990 to 2007 Reports
Year 1990 commenced the initial census year for the municipality, it recorded a population of 9,460 ; this is followed by census year 1995 which recorded a population of 12,509; an increase of 3,049 is noted with a growth rate of 5.75 percent which is higher than the regional growth rate of 2.15 percent. Another census was conducted on year 2000 which the municipality recorded a 17,027 population; an increase of 4,518 was noted. Computed growth rate of 6.36 is again higher than the regional growth rate of 1.31 percent. The latest census was on 2007, the recorded population is 20,443 an increase of 3,416 with a growth rate of 2.65 percent a little bit higher than the regional growth rate. The observed increases in each census year as shown by the above table is attributed by the geometric increase of population cause by birth, migration and the values and traditions of the various ethnic groups in the municipality.
Table 02. Total Population by Barangay 2007
|Barangay||Population||Percentage to Total|
|San Dionisio II||3,411||10.23|
Source: NSO 2007 Reports
The municipality has 29 barangays as per the provisions of the law creating its existence however 16 barangays are said to be regular under its governance while the remaining 13 barangays are being contested by its neighboring municipalities like Cabarroguis, Quirino and Kasibu of Nueva Vizcaya. In general, the recorded population for the municipality is 33,340 of which 38.69 percent is attributed to the 13 contested barangays while 61.31 percent is with the regular 16 barangays. Among the 29 barangays San Dionisio II is the most populated with 10.23 percent of the over all summation of population and La Conwap has the least of 0.86 percent. In the contested barangays, Didipio is seen to the most thickly populated with 6.28 percent of the recorded municipal population while Bilet has the least population of 1.24 percent.
Table 03. Urban and Rural Population 2007
|San Dionisio II||3,411||8.38|
Source: NSO 2007 Reports
Out of the 29 barangays of the municipality, one barangay is designated to be the urban core as per Batas Pambansa Bilang 345 it is Ponggo the seat of the local governance. It has a population of 2,793 representing 8.38 percent of the over all 2007 population; the remaining 91.62 percent are in the rural setting wherein 38.69 percent of which are in contested barangays and 52.93 percent are accounted in the regular barangays of the municipality. This minimal percentage of population in the urban core manifests insignificant socio-economic and cultural developments in the municipality for employment. It is for this reason that population tend to be more comfortable to have their source of livelihood for survival in the rural areas where vast of resources are available.
The table further shows an 8.38 percent urbanization level in the municipality; meaning there are more population in the rural area than in the urban core manifesting a slow pace of urban development. This urbanization level compared to some municipalities in the province is very low of which some municipalities have a higher percentage of 60 to 80 percent. Likewise the tempo of urbanization within the period of twelve years reveals a negative result of 3.91 percent. This tempo shows that the municipality is very rural in all aspects due to its vast tract of land area for habitation.
Table 04. Age and Sex Structure 2007
|80 and over||55||47||102||0.30|
Source: NSO 2007
The recorded age structure of the municipality for census year 2007 revealed by the table above is dominated by age group 05 to 09 with a percentage of 14.58 of the total population while age – group 75 to 79 manifest the least of 0.29 percent. As to sex structure, male showed its dominance against the female with 53.33 percent while the female represents 46.67 percent. From the table, the derived total age dependency ratio is 79.32 percent which denotes that out of 100 populations 79 are independent. Further young dependency ratio is 75.9 percent and old dependency ratio is 3.42 percent.
Table 05. Marital Status of Population 10 years old and over by age-group 2007
|Age –Group||Population||Marital Status|
|80 and over||102||–||40||32||–||6||–|
Source: NSO 2000 and 2007
Population 10 years old and over representing 70.79 percent of the total municipal population was considered in the determination of marital status; as reflected on the above table, marital status is dominated by married ones of 48.23 percent; this is followed by single status of 41.53 percent and 6.23 percent live-in status; population with unknown marital status is about 0.30 percent.
Table 06. Population Density by Barangay 2007
|Barangay||Land Area (Hectare)||Population||Density Persn/Has.|
|San Dionisio II||5,795||3,411||0.59|
|13 Contested barangays||34,810||12,897||0.37|
Source: NSO 2007 and Socio Economic Profile of Nagtipunan 2007
The recorded municipal population for 2007 NSO survey of 33,340 and the present land area determines the gross density of 0.212 person per hectare. This density reveals that the municipality has a wide track of land for its population. Urban density of 1.46 person per hectare shows trhat urbanization level in the identified seat of local government is very slow as compared to its neighboring municipalities like Maddela and Cabarroguis. In rural barangays, Guino Giayan has the highest density of 1.85 followed by Dipantan of 1.54 and Matmad has the least density of 0.02 person per hectare.
Table 07. Household Population, Present Residence and Place of School 2007
|Sex, Present Residence||Household Population||Present Residence and Place of School|
|Same Mun.||OtherMun./Prov.||Other Prov.||Foreign Country||Unknown/OCW|
Source: NSO 2000 and 2007
The above table presents the migration occurring in the municipality; it is affected by Overseas Contract Workers and school going age population who go to other places for the pursuit of their education and employment purposes. However, majority or 89.65 percent of the recorded household population as shown by the table are in the municipality. It is believed that migrants from other places are in the municipality however, there are no records to support the immigration.
Table 08. Highest Educational Attainment of Population 5 years old and over 2007
|Highest Educational Attainment||Population 5 years Old and Over||Percentage|
|No Grade Completed||4277||15.03|
|1st – 4th||11021||38.72|
|5th – 7th||7417||26.06|
|Academic Degree Holder||371||1.30|
Source: NSO 2000 and 2007
The above table showed the educational attainment of population 5 years old and over. It revealed that most of the population finished elementary level of about 64.78 percent; this is followed by no grade completed population of 15.03 percent; High school level of 14.86 percent; College undergraduate of 1.96 percent; Academic degree holder 1.30 percent; Pre school of 0.69 percent; population whose educational attainment do not want to be known is 0.66 percent; those who reached post secondary education is 0.65 percent; and those with post baccalaureate is about 0.07 percent. With this, It is understood that majority of the municipal population of census year 2007 are found literate.
Table 09. Household Population by Religious Affiliation 2007
|Iglesia Ni Cristo||629||1.89|
|United Church of Christ in the Philippines||662||1.99|
|Lutheran Church in the Philippines||57||0.17|
|Philippine Episcopal Church||20||0.06|
|United Methodist Church||321||0.96|
|Convention of the Philippine Baptist Church||24||0.07|
|Church of Christ of the Later Days Saints||18||0.05|
|Philippine Benevolent Missionaries Association||35||0.10|
|Seventh day Adventist||31||0.09|
|Association of Fundamental Baptist Church in the Phil.||57||0.17|
|Missionary Baptist Churches of the Philippines||10||0.03|
Source: NSO 2000 and 2007
Nagtipunenos are generally GOD loving population. This is evidenced by the various religious groups that are in the municipality although there are some that have unknown and no religious affiliation at all. The religious affiliation is dominated by the Roman Catholics and Islam manifests the least number of memberships. The GOD loving norm of the people had significantly influenced the socio-economic progress of the population due to its harmonious environment. The table above shows the number with corresponding percentages of religious memberships.
Table 10. Population by Ethnicity 2007
Source: NSO 2000 and 2007
Ethnicity of population is dominated by Ilocano tribe with 41.86 percent of the total municipal population; this is followed by the tribes of ifugao 21.90 percent, bugkalot 16.04 percent, kankanai 8.85 percent, tagalog 2.73 percent and agta 1.20 percent. These tribes constitute 92.58 percent of the municipal population while the remaining 7.42 percent are various tribes from other places of the country (refer to the above table). The identified indigenous people of the municipality are the ilongot, bugkalot and agta; all other tribes are considered migrants in the municipality.
Table 11. Labor Force and Employment 2007
|Sex||Pop.15 years old and over||Economically active (employed)||Labor Force (Unemployed)||Not Economically Active||Not Stated|
Source: NSO 2000 and 2007
The above table shows the number of labor force and employment within the municipality. It reveals that out of 19,229 populations of 15 years old and over, there are 11,673 economically active population, 357 are unemployed and 7,199 found to be not economically active. The table further reveals that most of the so called labor forces are employed or economically active to various socio-economic activities specially on forestry and agriculture being the main economy of the municipality.
Table 12. Area Devoted to Agricultural Crop Production 2008
|Crops||Area (hectares)||% to Total Agricultural Land Devoted to Crop Production||% to Total Municipal Land Area|
3.6 Leafy Vegetables
|4. Root Crops
4.2 Sweet Potato
|6. Other crops||4,475||46.69||2.78|
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office
Out of the municipal land area of 160,740 hectares there are 9,584 hectares or 5.96 percent is devoted to crop production. Agricultural crops grown are rice (both lowland and upland) corn, various vegetables, root crops, and fruits; the area devoted to these is approximate 5,109 hectares or 3.18 percent of the municipal land area. About 4,475 hectares or 2.78 percent of the municipal land area devoted to other crops like high value commercial crops, meat production (i.e. livestock). With this, it is noted that some barangays in the western portion of the municipality are suppliers of high value commercial crops and other agricultural products that are traded to the nearest commercial trade center the province of Nueva Vizcaya.
Table 13. Area, Production (metric tons) and Value (Php) 2008
|Metric Tons||Value (Php)|
1.1 Irrigated (2 cropping)
|2. Corn (2 cropping)||2,457||15,724.80||125,798,400|
3.6 Leafy Vegetables
|4. Root Crops
4.2 Sweet Potato
|6. Other crops (HVCC)||4,475||No data||No data|
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office
The above table shows the major crops grown by farmers in the municipality to which they are accustomed to raise; these crops are rice, corn, vegetables, root crops, fruits and high value commercial crops. Rice being the staple food is grown both in lowland and upland cultivation in an area of approximately 692 hectares; a 3,071 metric tons is produced yearly with an estimated value of Php 21,845,010 pesos. Corn grown twice a year in an area of approximately 2,457 hectares having a volume of produce of 15,724.80 metric tons with a value of Php 125,798,400 pesos. Vegetables of various kind and are intercropped to major crops comes in an area of 55 hectares with a yearly production of 206,200 metric tons at a Php7,919,500 pesos. Root crops are raised in an area of approximately 28 hectares with a volume of production of 206,500 metric tons valued at Php 2,247,000 pesos. Fruits are in the form of citrus, pineapple and banana, it covers a production area of 1,877 hectares with 7,563,000 metric tons of produce valued at Php 61,674,000 pesos. Other crops like the high value commercial crops are grown in an area of 4,475 hectares however no data on the volume of yearly production as well as the value, but it is believed that this crop contributes the highest contribution to the municipal economy as compared to other crops as discussed.
Table 14. Agricultural Facilities and Other Related Services 2008
|Agricultural Facilities and Other Related Services||Location||Agency|
|1.1 Communal Irrigation System (CIS)||Sangbay, Asaklat, Giayan||NIA|
|2. Post Harvest Facilities and Other Facilities
2.1 Multi Purpose Drying Pavement
2.2 Corn/Rice Thresher
2.3 Hand Tractor
2.4 Water Pump
Keat, Giayan, Guinguin, Ponggo, Asaklat, San Dionisio II, Dipantan, Sangbay, Disimungal
Anak, Ponggo, San Dioniso II, Dipantan, Sangbay
|3. Agricultural Support Program
3.1 Rice/Corn Subsidy
|4. Extension/Technical Services
4.1 Crop Production
4.2 Animal Production/Healthcare
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office
Agricultural facilities and other related services to boost food production are as follows: Irrigation structures through the development of springs and live creeks that supplies irrigation water to both lowland rice fields and even upland cultivation. Locations of these irrigation facilities are asaklat, sanbay and giayan; to have effective service of these facilities, maintenance is through the communal irrigation system wherein irrigators associations were organized to sustain the availability of irrigation services so as to have continues food production. Post harvest and other inherent facilities such as multi-purpose drying pavement, corn and rice threshers, hand tractors and water pumps are likewise present to barangays with high potentials for food production. Agricultural support programs are provided by the government through the comprehensive agrarian reform program, municipal agriculture office by the LGU 20 percent development funds and other agricultural support from the national funds. Agricultural extension services are provided to all farmers and its household so as to increase productivity and attain a higher level of living conditions.
Table 15. Inventory of Livestock and Poultry Farms 2008
Name of Farm
|1. Fernando Asuncion (Goat Raising)||Dipantan||2.0||No data||No data||No data|
|2. Cesar Fiesta (Goat Raising)||Pongggo||1.0||No data||No data||No data|
Source: Municipal Agriculture Office
Goat raising the only registered farm in the municipality. There are 2 goat farms, the Asuncion’s and Fiesta farms. These farms occupied an area of approximately 3.0 hectares; there are no records as to the employment size and the productions of theses farms hence its impact to municipal economy is insignificant. The production of meat does not only rely on these farms however there are presence of domesticated animals and poultry that are taken cared by farmers on their backyard as customary practice to satisfy their meat requirement and to augment their income.